Design and application of the most popular multi p

2022-09-22
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Design and application of multiple milling fixtures

1 introduction

when milling flat tenons and straight grooves on milling machines, most fixtures use V-block clamping devices, but for some parts with special shape and size, as shown in Figure 1, if V-block clamping is used, it will bring difficulties to milling processing

Fig. 1 part drawing

it is known from Fig. 1 that when the V-shaped block clamping fixture is used to continue milling the two sides of the part under such circumstances, take body clientHeight)this. width=body. Clientheight "border=0>10 cylindrical positioning clamping, because its length is too short, only 5mm, although it can be clamped, it is far away from the center of the clamping point, and the clamping force is not enough. During milling, the workpiece is easy to be hit by the milling cutter. If the clamping force is increased, it is easy to clamp its clamping surface into a triangle and scrap it. If the cylindrical machining surface of body.clientheight) this.width=body.clientheight" border=0>18 is clamped into the V-block for processing, According to the analysis, the end face of the workpiece cannot be positioned, resulting in machining errors

for this reason, we have designed a multi piece milling fixture clamped by an arc surface. As shown in Figure 2. It not only meets the requirements of workpiece clamping and positioning, but also simplifies the manufacturing process of the fixture. The use of this fixture not only reduces the scrap rate, but also greatly improves the productivity

Figure 2 multi piece milling fixture

1 Special plug 2 Cheese head screw 3 Special positioning block 4 Positioning block 5 Clip details 6 Clamping block

7 Clamping screw 8 Directional key 9 Countersunk screw 10 Left and right cover plates 11 Cylindrical pin

2 structure and technical requirements of multi piece milling fixture

2.1 the structure of multi piece milling fixture is shown in Figure 2. It is composed of special plug 1, positioning block 3, 4, clamp 5, clamp block 6, clamp screw 7 and directional key 8. The fixture orientation key 8 is installed on the worktable of X62W milling machine, and the a side is parallel to the worktable. After installation, tighten the clamping screw 7

2.2 technical requirements for multi piece milling fixture

(1) ensure that each positioning block is in a straight line

(2) ensure that all positioning blocks can move flexibly in the slot

(3) the central hole of the positioning block and the outer circle body of the part clientHeight)this. width=body. Clientheight "border=0>18 select the transition fit of body.clientheight) this.width=body.clientheight" border=0>18h/j56

(4) the central hole of each positioning block shall be cut longitudinally along the center of the central hole after overall processing

2.3 positioning of multiple milling fixtures, and various special non-standard experimental machines and clamping methods can be developed and manufactured according to the needs of users.

locate a group of parts to be processed in the central hole between the positioning blocks. Because the positioning blocks can move freely in the groove, tighten the clamping screws after positioning, so that the positioning blocks are squeezed, so as to achieve the purpose of clamping by recording the data when the workpiece reaches the limit

2.4 selection of milling cutter

machining of end face, side and symmetrical plane can be carried out on multiple milling fixtures. After the machining surface is determined, different types of cutters can be selected according to the corresponding plane. Figure 2 shows milling two symmetrical planes on X62W milling machine with combined milling cutter

3 conclusion

multi piece milling fixture has the following characteristics:

(1) it can process a group of parts, significantly improving productivity

(2) the three-point clamping mode of V-shaped block is replaced by arc surface clamping, which ensures the product quality and reduces the scrap rate

(3) milling with large feed rate can be carried out, and the workpiece is as stable as "Taishan". The position accuracy during machining is guaranteed

(4) in actual production, if the number of positioning blocks of multiple milling fixtures is increased, its productivity can be further improved

(5) the fixture manufacturing process is simple and the actual operation is convenient

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