Analysis of the impact of the hottest green barrie

2022-08-08
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Analysis of the impact of green barriers on China's paper industry

in the raging trade battlefield, green has become a tool to imprison the hands and feet of China's paper enterprises, making it difficult for them to move towards the world. In the face of unfair trade competition, how should China's paper enterprises get rid of the green shackles and take off as soon as possible

In 1998, the European Union unilaterally banned the entry of wooden packing boxes and wooden pallets without health quarantine, and China's economic and trade losses amounted to hundreds of billions of yuan; In 2000, the European Union announced that wooden packing cases and wooden pallets imported from China, Canada, Southeast Asia, the United States and other places must be fumigated and sterilized. In recent years, more and more trade frictions have been caused by packaging problems. For example, China's disposable tableware has been banned from exporting to the European and American markets due to the lack of environmental labels, and many goods exported to Europe and the United States have paid high packaging waste treatment fees accordingly

developed countries set the standard of green packaging too high and too strict, so as to raise the threshold, weaken the advantages of developing countries in high quality and low price, and protect their own economic interests. Packaging products are only a drop in the bucket. Now the paper industry is facing green barriers in wood selection, production and other aspects

green barriers refer to the restrictions on the access of foreign goods in the field of international trade by some developed countries, relying on their scientific and technological advantages, for the purpose of protecting the environment and human health, through legislation, formulating complex environmental protection conventions, laws, regulations, standards, signs and other forms. It belongs to a new form of non-tariff barriers, and has gradually become an important part of international trade policies and measures

Since the 1990s, developed countries have formulated a series of new standards to restrict the import of foreign products and services for the purpose of protecting limited resources, the environment and human health. The relevant WTO agreement stipulates that no country shall be prevented from taking necessary measures to protect human and biological life and health and protect the environment. However, this provides a basis for developed countries to build green barriers, including environmental trade barriers and health quarantine barriers

in today's environment, trade barriers have evolved from tariff barriers to green barriers and other forms. Can we imagine that with the continuous increase of the production capacity of the paper industry, once the domestic market is saturated and the foreign market pinches its throat, how will we face it

China's paper enterprises urgently need a certificate in hand

at the Forum on the sustainable development of China's paper industry held on August 19 this year, forest certification has become a hot topic in the paper industry, because in recent years, China's paper enterprises have faced increasingly stringent foreign market access barriers such as green barriers

at present, the serious shortage of forest resources in the world has made the trade of forest paper products a topic of global concern. In the rapid development of China's paper industry in recent years, it has also been misunderstood and questioned by the international community. For example, Forest Pulp and paper products have been sniped in the overseas procurement market for lack of forest certification for many times

the forest certification body equipment has a high degree of automation, which is divided into international system and national system. At present, The international system includes the Forest Management Committee (Fs "transmission has become a growing dynamic field C in China's automotive market) and the forest certification system accreditation program (PEFC) 。 There are more than 30 existing national systems, and they are increasing. Forest certification is considered to be an important measure to promote the sustainable development of forestry, and it is also the best solution to track the source of legal logging of wood at present. However, at present, China still lacks the corresponding right to speak on the issue of forest certification system

by the end of 2010, 350million hectares of forests in more than 100 countries had passed the forest certification, accounting for 9% of the total global forest area. Among the certified forest areas, the FSC certified area is 126million hectares and the PEFC certified area is 225million hectares. 57% of the certified forests are distributed in North America, 33% in Europe, 4%, 3% and 2% in South America, Oceania and Africa respectively, while Asia only accounts for 1%

forest certification started late in China, and the concept of forest certification was introduced into China in 1995

in recent years, the pace of forest certification in China has also gradually accelerated. On July 23 last year, China's first forest certification institution, Zhonglin Trinasolar Forest Certification Center, officially launched a forest certification pilot. At present, it has audited a forestry area of more than 1.2 million hectares. Recently, China forest certification and Administration Commission (CFCC) has completed the work of joining PEFC in China's forest certification system and become a member of PEFC

The era of environmental protection has come, and environmental issues have become the focus of attention of people, enterprises, countries and even the world. In this green trend, China's paper industry must maintain a clear understanding, in the face of malicious green barriers, while protecting their legitimate rights and interests, so that China's development conforms to the historical trend

experts believe that the reason why green barriers exist and show a trend of development shows that they have reasonable value connotation. Objectively speaking, green barriers have indeed accelerated the process of global environmental protection, enhanced human awareness of environmental protection, and greatly promoted the improvement of environmental protection technology in developing countries. In the short term, green barriers have increased the cost of export products, weakened the load of export products, increased competitiveness, and affected the benefits of China's yuan coal output of export enterprises, which has decreased by 10% year-on-year. However, in the long run, green barriers are conducive to improving the internal quality of export products, environmental protection of producer and consumer countries, and entry of export enterprises into the international market to participate in competition

as the largest developing country and a large country of import and export trade, China has many labor-intensive industries, and the environmental protection situation is also very serious, which is greatly affected by green barriers. However, if this green standard represents the forward direction of the world's manufacturing industry, it is better to follow the trend rather than resist passively. While formulating and taking short-term response measures, we should think more about the long term and fundamentally change the production mode and development mode of high pollution and high energy consumption

in recent years, China's paper industry is also implementing green development policies and looking for effective methods. China has eliminated backward production capacity in the paper industry for several consecutive years, and the number of eliminated production capacity has increased year by year, and the entry threshold has been raised year by year, encouraging the development direction of modernization. At the same time, refine measures to provide development space for advanced enterprises with good product quality, less pollution emissions and full utilization of resources. In 2009, there were 30 paper-making enterprises with an annual output of more than 400000 tons, of which 9 had an annual output of more than 1million tons. These enterprises basically have world-class pulp and paper, environmental protection technology and equipment, which has greatly changed the face of the industry

the 12th Five Year Plan of the paper industry proposes structural adjustment, upgrading and transformation and green development. Each key word is to solve the environmental problems of the paper industry. In addition, some domestic enterprises have begun to try to integrate Forest Pulp and paper, by purchasing forest land and purchasing timber companies, trying to straighten out the industrial chain, so as to put papermaking in the overall pattern of forest industry

economy and environment are two issues that China's paper industry focuses on in the current development. They will no longer blindly pursue interests and favor one over the other, and the efforts they have made are also obvious to all. Every country should see the efforts made by other countries for sustainable development, rather than clinging to green. China's paper industry should strive for progress in sustainable development, implement low-carbon development and industrial upgrading, and finally break through in the international arena

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